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MARGOT: Dynamic IoT Resource Discovery for HADR Environments

: Campioni, L.; Lenzi, R.; Poltronieri, F.; Pradhan, M.; Tortonesi, M.; Stefanelli, C.; Suri, N.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association -AFCEA-:
MILCOM 2019, IEEE Military Communications Conference : Norfolk, Virginia, USA, 12 - 14 November 2019
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2019
ISBN: 978-1-7281-4281-4
ISBN: 978-1-7281-4280-7
Military Communications Conference (MILCOM) <2019, Norfolk/Va.>
Fraunhofer FKIE ()

Smart City services leverage sophisticated IT architectures whose assets are deployed in dynamic and heterogeneous computing and communication scenarios. Those services are particularly interesting for Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations in urban environments, which could improve Situation Awareness by exploiting the Smart City IT infrastructure. To this end, an enabling requirement is the discovery of the available Internet-of-Things (IoT) resources, including sensors, actuators, services, and computing resources, based on a variety of criteria, such as geographical location, proximity, type of device, type of capability, coverage, resource availability, and communication topology / quality of network links. To date, no single standard has emerged that has been widely adopted to solve the discovery challenge. Instead, a variety of different standards have been proposed and cities have either adopted one that is convenient or reinvented a new standard just for themselves. Therefore, enabling discovery across different standards and administrative domains is a fundamental requirement to enable HADR operations in Smart Cities. To address these challenges, we developed MARGOT (Multi-domain Asynchronous Gateway Of Things), a comprehensive solution for resource discovery in Smart City environments that implements a distributed and federated architecture and supports a wide range of discovery protocols.