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Millimeter-Wave Radar Sensor for Automated Tomographic Imaging of Composite Materials in a Manufacturing Environment

: Meier, Dominik; Zech, Christian; Baumann, Benjamin; Gashi, Bersant; Malzacher, Matthias; Schlechtweg, Michael; Kühn, Jutta; Rösch, Markus; Reindl, Leonhard M.

Volltext ()

IEEE sensors letters 5 (2021), Nr.3, Art. 3500104, 4 S.
ISSN: 2475-1472
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IAF ()
composite materials; millimeter-wave radar; non-destructive testing; radar imaging; robot programming

To unlock the full potential of composite materials, reliable measurement methods during and after their manufacturing are required. Established measuring methods are commonly based on ultrasound or thermographic imaging techniques and offer only a limited usability. A promising alternative to the a fore mentioned methods are millimeterwave based systems. It has already been demonstrated that such systems can provide a tomographic representation of composite materials, enabling the detection, localization, and classification of critical defects within the component. The tomographic millimeter-wave imaging system presented here is operating in the W band and is packaged for the operation in a manufacturing environment. For this purpose it is enclosed by a dustproof housing and can be mounted on an industrial robot, which enables the development of an automated measurement procedure during and after the manufacturing process of composite materials. The direct integration of the measurement system into the manufacturing process allows for early-stage fault detection and classification, which is essential for the production of high-quality, high-performance and highly reliable composite materials.