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Inline quality monitoring of diesel exhaust fluid (AdBlue) by using the 3ω method

: Bernhardsgrütter, Ralf E.; Hepp, Christoph J.; Jägle, Martin; Pernau, Hans-Fridtjof; Schmitt, Katrin; Wöllenstein, Jürgen

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Journal of sensors and sensor systems : JSSS 10 (2021), Nr.1, S.5-12
ISSN: 2194-8771
ISSN: 2194-878X
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IPM ()
3-Omega-Method; Diesel Exhaust Fluid; quality monitoring; Platinum Thin Film Sensor

Because diesel combustion processes produce harmful detrimental nitrous oxides, the selective catalytic reduction, an after-treatment method using diesel exhaust fluid (AdBlue) to reduce these emissions, is an important part in the cycle of the combustion process. Therefore, it is crucial to continuously monitor the quality of the diesel exhaust fluid to secure the ideal selective catalytic reduction. This article presents a platinum thin-film sensor using the 3ω method which is able to characterize the diesel exhaust fluid. By means of the 3ω method, information about the concentration of urea in water can be extracted. In this investigation, a digital lock-in amplification technique is used to execute the measurements. The results show that this sensor can determine the urea content within 1 % by weight. Moreover, besides the analysis of the 3ω signal, the 1ω signal is analyzed in depth to receive additional information about the temperature. Because the same structure can measure multiple parameters, such as concentration, temperature, and flow, the sensor might be a good alternative to the state-of-the-art diesel exhaust fluid sensor.