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Bridging gaps in minimum humanitarian standards and shelter planning by critical infrastructures

 
: Fekete, Alexander; Bross, Lisa; Krause, Steffen; Neisser, Florian; Tzavella, Katerina

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Volltext ()

Sustainability 13 (2021), Nr.2, Art. 849, 17 S.
ISSN: 2071-1050
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer INT ()
critical infrastructure; risk management; disaster risk reduction; shelter planning; natural hazard

Abstract
Current agendas such as the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction or the Sustainable Development Goals are demanding more integration of disaster risk management into other thematic fields and relevant sectors. However, certain thematic fields such as shelter planning and critical infrastructure have not been integrated yet. This article provides an analysis of minimum humanitarian standards contained in the well-known Sphere handbook. Gaps are identified for several critical infrastructure services. Moreover, guidance on how to derive infrastructure or lifeline needs has been found missing. This article analyses the missing service supply and infrastructure identification items and procedures. The main innovation is a more integrative perspective on infrastructure that can improve existing minimum humanitarian standards. It can guide the provision of infrastructure services to various types for different hazard scenarios, hence make humanitarian aid and shelter planning more sustainable in terms of avoiding infrastructure or lifeline shortages.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-621479.html