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CaCO3 crystals as versatile carriers for controlled delivery of antimicrobials

: Ferreira, A.M.; Vikulina, A.S.; Volodkin, D.

Volltext ()

Journal of controlled release 328 (2020), S.470-489
ISSN: 0168-3659
European Commission EC
H2020; 747245; LIGHTOPLEX
Light triggered non-invasive gene delivery through lipopolyplexes
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IZI ()

CaCO3 crystals have been known for a long time as naturally derived and simply fabricated nano(micro)-sized materials able to effectively host and release various molecules. This review summarises the use of CaCO3 crystals as versatile carriers to host, protect and release antimicrobials, offering a strong tool to tackle antimicrobial resistance, a serious global health problem. The main methods for the synthesis of CaCO3 crystals with different properties, as well as the approaches for the loading and release of antimicrobials are presented. Finally, prospects to utilize the crystals in order to improve the therapeutic outcome and combat antimicrobial resistance are highlighted. Ultimately, this review intends to provide an in-depth overview of the application of CaCO3 crystals for the smart and controlled delivery of antimicrobial agents and aims at identifying the advantages and drawbacks as well as guiding future works, research directions and industrial applications.