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Implications of announced phase II national allocation plans for the EU ETS

: Neuhoff, K.; Ahman, M.; Betz, R.; Cludius, J.; Ferrario, F.; Holmgren, K.; Pal, G.; Grubb, M.; Matthes, F.; Rogge, K.; Sato, M.; Schleich, J.


Climate Policy 6 (2006), Nr.4, S.411-422
ISSN: 1469-3062
ISSN: 1752-7457
Fraunhofer ISI ()
emission trading; national allocation plan; comparison; European Member State

We quantified the volume of free allowances that different national allocation plans proposed to allocate to existing and new installations, with specific reference to the power sector. Most countries continue to allocate based on historic emissions, contrary to hopes for improved allocation methods, with allocations to installations frequently based on 2005 emission data; this may strengthen the belief in the private sector that emissions in the coming years will influence their subsequent allowance allocation. Allocations to new installations provide high and frequently fuel-differentiated subsidies, risking significant distortions to investment choices. Thus, in addition to supplying a long market in aggregate, proposed allocation plans reveal continuing diverse problems, including perverse incentives. To ensure the effectiveness of the EU ETS in the future, the private sector will need to be shown credible evidence that free allowance allocation will be drastically reduced post-2012, or that these problems will be addressed in some other way.