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Impact of precrystallized NaYSi4O12 powders in the synthesis of sodium conducting solid electrolytes

: Wagner, Dörte; Schilm, Jochen; Lee, Chang Woo; Kusnezoff, Mihails

Volltext ()

Energy technology 8 (2020), Nr.12, Art. 2000559, 9 S.
ISSN: 2194-4288
ISSN: 2194-4296
Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und nukleare Sicherheit BMU (Deutschland)
National Research Foundation of Korea NRF
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
glass-ceramics; solid electrolyte; sodium ion conductors; sintering; microstructure

The glass crystallization route for Na‐ion conducting glass ceramics with conductive N5 modification of Na5YSi4O12 has been explored. P2O5 is used to modify the glass frit for optimization of the sintering and crystallization process. Mass spectroscopy reveals that the evaporation of CO2 in the sintered microstructure is responsible for enhanced porosity. The glass is not fully transformed to the highly conductive phase (N5) by crystallization and thereby lower conductivities in sintered samples is observed. A pre‐crystallization step of the initial glass powder is evaluated as suitable to eliminate the gas evolution and subsequent sintering of material crystallized in desired N5 modification is successfully performed. With the powder of the pre‐crystallized material, homogenous sintered microstructures consisting of crystalline and glassy phases are obtained. Despite the higher temperature needed for sintering, low porosity and a mechanical strength up to 60 N mm−2 are achieved for samples from pre‐crystallized powder. The analysis of impedance spectra of sintered samples reveal high impact of grain boundaries on total ionic conductivity. Samples made from pre‐crystallized powder show higher overall ionic conductivity of 8.3 × 10−6 S cm−1 at room temperature which is lower than the conductivity of crystallized N5 phase grains (1.4 × 10−4 S cm−1).