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SVC-based multisource streaming for robust video transmission in mobile ad hoc networks

: Schierl, T.; Ganger, K.; Hellge, C.; Wiegand, T.; Stockhammer, T.


IEEE wireless communications 13 (2006), Nr.5, S.96-103
ISSN: 1536-1284
Fraunhofer HHI ()
Kanalcodierung; beweglicher Funkdienst; Datenverarbeitung; Peer-to-Peer-Netz; Leitweglenkung; Videocodierung; video streaming; Mobilfunknetz

Emerging noninfrastructure-based network types like mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) are becoming suitable platforms for exchanging/sharing real-time video streams, because of recent progress in routing algorithms, throughput and transmission bit-rate. MANETs are characterized by highly dynamic behavior of the transmission routes and path outage probabilities. In this article a multisource streaming approach is presented to increase the robustness of real-time video transmission in MANETs. For that, video coding as well as channel coding techniques on the application layer are introduced, exploiting the multisource representation of the transferred media. Source coding is based on the scalable video coding (SVC) extension of H.264/MPEG4-AVC with different layers for assigning importance for transmission. Channel coding is based on a novel unequal packet loss protection (UPLP) scheme, which is based on Raptor forward error correction (FEC) codes. While in the presented approach, the reception of a single stream guarantees base quality only, the combined reception enables playback of video at full quality and/or lower error rates. Furthermore, an application layer protocol is introduced for supporting peer-to-peer based multisource streaming in MANETs.