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Repulsion leads to coupled dislocation motion and extended work hardening in bcc metals

: Srivastava, K.; Weygand, D.; Caillard, D.; Gumbsch, P.

Volltext ()

Nature Communications 11 (2020), Art. 5098, 11 S.
ISSN: 2041-1723
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IWM ()
detection method; metals and alloys; observational method; simulation; temperature effect; materials science; mechanical properties; theory and computation

Work hardening in bcc single crystals at low homologous temperature shows a strong orientation-dependent hardening for high symmetry loading, which is not captured by classical dislocation density based models. We demonstrate here that the high activation barrier for screw dislocation glide motion in tungsten results in repulsive interactions between screw dislocations, and triggers dislocation motion at applied loading conditions where it is not expected. In situ transmission electron microscopy and atomistically informed discrete dislocation dynamics simulations confirm coupled dislocation motion and vanishing obstacle strength for repulsive screw dislocations, compatible with the kink pair mechanism of dislocation motion in the thermally activated (low temperature) regime. We implement this additional contribution to plastic strain in a modified crystal plasticity framework and show that it can explain the extended work hardening regime observed for [100] oriented tungsten single crystal. This may contribute to better understanding the increase in ductility of highly deformed bcc metals.