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Convergence behavior of matrix-based iterative transceiver optimization

: Boche, H.; Schubert, M.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
IEEE 7th Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, 2006, SPAWC '06 : July 2006, Cannes, France
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2006
ISBN: 0-7803-9710-X
5 S.
Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC) <7, 2006, Cannes>
Fraunhofer HHI ()
convergence; iterative methods; matrix algebra; optimisation; quality of service; transceivers

We analyze and compare two iterative algorithms for the joint optimization of powers and receive strategies in a multiuser network. The design goal is to minimize the total power while fulfilling individual QoS requirements. This problem can be solved by the fixed- point iteration proposed by Yates, (1995) as well as by a recently proposed matrix-based iteration (M. Schubert and H. Boche, 2006; H. Boche et al., 2005). It was observed in the literature that the matrix- based iteration has an excellent convergence speed. However, an analytical investigation of the convergence behavior has been an open problem so far. In this paper, we show that the matrix-based iteration performs better than the fixed-point iteration in each step, given the same initialization. The resulting sequence of power vectors is component-wise monotonic decreasing. We also show that the matrix-based iteration has super-linear convergence. If the underlying interference functions are smooth, then the algorithm even has quadratic convergence, whereas the convergence of the fixed-point iteration is only linear, and depends on the system load. This explains the convergence behavior observed from simulations.