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Delivery of antiseptic solutions by a bacterial cellulose wound dressing: Uptake, release and antibacterial efficacy of octenidine and povidone-iodine

 
: Bernardelli de Mattos, Ives; Nischwitz, Sebastian P.; Tuca, Alexandru-Cristian; Groeber-Becker, Florian; Funk, Martin; Birngruber, Thomas; Mautner, Selma I.; Kamolz, Lars-Peter; Holzer, Judith C.J.

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Burns 46 (2020), Nr.4, S.918-927
ISSN: 0305-4179
ISSN: 1879-1409
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer ISC ()
bacterial nanocellulose; antiseptic uptake; antiseptic release; Octenidine; povidone-iodine; antimicrobial wound dressing

Abstract
Background
Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) is considered a promising carrier for various substances and novel approaches using BNC in combination with antiseptics are well documented. However, the difference in the molecular weight of these molecules influences their uptake by and release from BNC. Analysing the diffusion of standard molecules with different weight, e.g. dextrans, offers the possibility to investigate the mobility of various molecules. We aimed to test the use of BNC regarding uptake and release of different standard molecules as well as two commercially available antiseptics for possible applications in future wound dressings.
Material and methods
Diffusion profiles, uptake and release of three FITC-dextran molecules differing in weight as well as octenidine (Octenisept®) and povidone-iodine (Betaisodona®)-based antiseptics were tested with BNC-based wound dressings. Furthermore, the antiseptic efficacy of BNC in combination with antiseptics against Staphylococcus aureus was tested.
Results
Uptake and release capacity for FITC-dextran molecules showed a molecular weight-dependent mobility from BNC into an agarose gel. The loading capacity of BNC was also inversely proportional to the molecular weight of the antiseptics. The release test for octenidine showed a sustained and prolonged delivery into a solid matrix, whereas povidone-iodine was released faster. Both antiseptic solutions combined with BNC showed a good dose-dependent efficacy against S. aureus.
Conclusion
Results obtained from the mobility of FITC-dextran molecules in the BNC matrix could open possible applications for the combination of BNC with other molecules for medical applications. Combination of both tested antiseptics with BNC showed to be an efficient approach to control bacterial infections.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-602756.html