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Crystallization of BaF2 from droplets of phase separated glass - evidence of a core-shell structure by ASAXS

: Hoell, A.; Raghuwanshi, V.S.; Bocker, C.; Herrmann, A.; Rüssel, C.; Höche, T.

Volltext ()

CrystEngComm 22 (2020), Nr.30, S.5031-5039
ISSN: 1466-8033
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IMWS ()

Glasses with the mol% compositions 1.88 Na2O·15.04 K2O·7.52 Al2O3·69.56 SiO2·6.00 BaF2 and 1.88 Na2O·15.03 K2O·7.52 Al2O3·69.52 SiO2·6.00 BaF2·0.05 SmF3 were studied using X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and anomalous small-angle X-ray scattering (ASAXS). While the glass doped with samarium showed liquid/liquid phase separation of droplets with sizes of around 100 nm, the glass without samarium did not. The samples were annealed at 580 °C or at 600 °C which led to the crystallization of cubic BaF2. The X-ray diffraction patterns showed strongly broadened lines. Hence, the BaF2 crystals possess sizes in the nm range. ASAXS gave evidence of a core shell structure. In agreement with earlier studies, it is assumed that the shell acts as a diffusion barrier that hinders crystal growth. Surprisingly, the cores and shells from the crystallization of the homogeneous glass and from the second glass, which is Sm-doped and shows liquid/liquid phase separation, both possess similar dimensions, even though the origin of the barrier is very different. The doped samples show long luminescence lifetimes of nearly 5 ms at a wavelength of 600 nm, which is nearly as long as those in fluoride phosphate glasses.