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Lasing action in two-dimensional organic photonic crystal lasers with hexagonal symmetry

: Forberich, K.; Diem, M.; Crewett, J.; Lemmer, U.; Gombert, A.; Busch, K.


Applied Physics. B 82 (2006), Nr.4, S.539-541
ISSN: 0340-3793
ISSN: 0721-7269
ISSN: 0946-2171
ISSN: 1432-0649
Fraunhofer ISE ()

We investigate fluorescence and lasing action from strongly modulated two-dimensional surface relief structures with hexagonal symmetry onto which thin films of optically active organic material have been deposited. As compared with second-order laser structures with square symmetry, these organic photonic crystal lasers exhibit unusual feedback mechanisms. As a result, we observe surface-emitting lasing action with a central beam normal to the surface and a hexagonal emission pattern of side-beams whose direction slightly deviates from the normal. A corresponding theoretical analysis allows us to determine the photonic bandstructure and the low-threshold laser modes in this system. These results agree very well with fluorescence data and confirm the hexagonal lasing pattern and the corresponding emission angles.