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Effect of enzymatic hydrolysis on molecular weight distribution, techno-functional properties and sensory perception of pea protein isolates

 
: García Arteaga, Verónica; Apéstegui Guardia, Marijose; Muranyi, Isabel; Eisner, Peter; Schweiggert-Weisz, Ute

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Innovative food science & emerging technologies 65 (2020), Art. 102449, 11 S.
ISSN: 1466-8564
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IVV ()

Abstract
Pea protein isolate (Pisum sativum “Navarro”) was hydrolyzed with 11 proteolytic enzymes at different hydrolysis times (15, 30, 60, and 120 min) to improve techno-functional and sensory properties. The degree of hydrolysis and changes within the molecular weight distribution were used as indicators for a reduced allergenic potential. The highest degree of hydrolysis was reached by Esperase hydrolysates (9.77%) after 120 min of hydrolysis, whereas Chymotrypsin hydrolysates showed the lowest (1.81%). Hydrolysis with Papain, Trypsin, Bromelain, Esperase, Savinase, and Alcalase suggested an effective degradation of the 72 kDa-convicilin fraction. Papain and Trypsin hydrolysates showed a degradation of the 50 kDa-mature vicilin after 15 min of hydrolysis. Most hydrolysates showed a significant increase in protein solubility at pH 4.5 at all times of hydrolysis. Trypsin hydrolysates showed the highest foaming (2271%) and emulsifying (719 mL/g) capacities. The bitterness of the hydrolysates was strongly correlated (P < 0.05) with the degree of hydrolysis. In general, enzymatic hydrolysis improved techno-functional properties indicating their potential usage as food ingredients.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-599765.html