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Fuel processors for fuel cell APU applications

 
: Aicher, T.; Lenz, B.; Gschnell, F.; Groos, U.; Federici, F.; Caprile, L.; Parodi, L.

:

Garche, J.:
Ninth Ulm Electrochemical Days, UECT 2004. Selected papers : Ulm, Germany, 17 - 18 May 2004, 9. Ulmer Elektrochemische Tage
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006 (Journal of power sources 154.2006,2)
S.503-508
Ulmer Elektrochemische Tage (UECT) <9, 2004, Ulm>
Englisch
Konferenzbeitrag, Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer ISE ()

Abstract
The conversion of liquid hydrocarbons to a hydrogen rich product gas is a central process step in fuel processors for auxiliary power units (APUs) for vehicles of all kinds. The selection of the reforming process depends on the fuel and the type of the fuel cell.
For vehicle power trains, liquid hydrocarbons like gasoline, kerosene, and diesel are utilized and, therefore, they will also be the fuel for the respective APU systems.
The fuel cells commonly envisioned for mobile APU applications are molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC), solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), and proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). Since high-temperature fuel cells, e.g. MCFCs or SOFCs, can be supplied with a feed gas that contains carbon monoxide (CO) their fuel processor does not require reactors for CO reduction and removal. For PEMFCs on the other hand, CO concentrations in the feed gas must not exceed 50 ppm, better 20 ppm, which requires additional reactors downstream of the reforming reactor.
This paper gives an overview of the current state of the fuel processor development for APU applications and APU system developments. Furthermore, it will present the latest developments at Fraunhofer ISE regarding fuel processors for high-temperature fuel cell APU systems on board of ships and aircrafts.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-59975.html