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Scanning Acoustic Microscopy Analysis of the Mechanical Properties of Polymeric Components of photovoltaic modules

: Mesquita, L.V.; Mansour, D.E.; Gebhardt, P.; Pitta Bauermann, L.

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5994679 (1.0 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: a3d589ce49ff9227cf3ec991351d6955
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Erstellt am: 18.8.2020

Engineering reports 2 (2020), Nr.8, Art. e12222, 11 S.
ISSN: 2577-8196
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Photovoltaik; Photovoltaische Module und Kraftwerke; Gebrauchsdauer- und Schadensanalyse; acoustic microscopy; analysis; test; constant

The characterization of mechanical properties of polymeric backsheet and encapsulation foils of photovoltaic (PV) modules usually involves destructive techniques, such as dynamic mechanical analysis and tensile testing. In this article, we validate the scanning acoustic microscopy (SAM) as a nondestructive characterization method to estimate the mechanical properties of polymeric multi‐layers in PV modules. The acoustic speed inside each individual material is measured and its mechanical properties calculated. For this validation, other techniques are employed to determine the values of density, thickness, and elastic modulus of the foils. The viscoelastic properties of the polymeric foils are temperature dependent. The longitudinal modulus measured acoustically at 15 MHz and the Young's modulus from conventional tensile testing were compared at different temperatures. Both techniques show good agreement regarding the change in mechanical properties caused by temperature variation. The disagreement in the absolute values of these parameters is explained by the different frequency magnitudes at which both measurements are performed. This confirms that SAM is a reliable technique to measure changes in the viscoelastic properties of the foils in PV modules nondestructively, and thus to obtain more information about aging‐induced material changes and degradation.