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Detection of Pin Failure in Carbon Fiber Composites Using the Electro-Mechanical Impedance Method

: Moll, Jochen; Schmidt, Matthias; Käsgen, Johannes; Mehldau, Jörg; Bücker, Marcel; Haupt, Felix

Volltext ()

Sensors. Online journal 20 (2020), Nr.13, Art. 3732, 10 S.
ISSN: 1424-8220
ISSN: 1424-8239
ISSN: 1424-3210
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer LBF ()
pin failure; electro-mechanic impedance method

This paper presents a proof of concept for simultaneous load and structural health monitoring of a hybrid carbon fiber rudder stock sample consisting of carbon fiber composite and metallic parts in order to demonstrate smart sensors in the context of maritime systems. Therefore, a strain gauge is used to assess bending loads during quasi-static laboratory testing. In addition, six piezoelectric transducers are placed around the circumference of the tubular structure for damage detection based on the electro-mechanical impedance (EMI) method. A damage indicator has been defined that exploits the real and imaginary parts of the admittance for the detection of pin failure in the rudder stock. In particular, higher frequencies in the EMI spectrum contain valuable information about damage. Finally, the information about damage and load are merged in a cluster analysis enabling damage detection under load.