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New insights into the crystallization process of sol-gel-derived 45S5 bioactive glass

: Nawaz, Q.; Pablos‐Martín, A. de; Martins de Souza e Silva, J.; Hurle, K.; Jaimes, A.T.C.; Brauer, D.S.; Boccaccini, A.R.

Volltext ()

Journal of the American Ceramic Society 103 (2020), Nr.8, S.4234-4247
ISSN: 0002-7820
ISSN: 1551-2916
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IMWS ()

In this work the influence of thermal treatment conditions on crystallization of a sol‐gel‐derived 45S5 bioactive glass was evaluated using DSC, XRD, TEM, EDX, and X‐ray nanocomputed tomography (nano‐CT). Temperature and time of the thermal treatment strongly influence the composition of the crystalline phases. At the onset of the glass transition temperature (600°C), combeite crystallizes as the main phase along with a calcium silicate‐phosphate phase, which decomposes into rhenanite from 2 hours of thermal treatment at this temperature. At the crystallization temperature (700°C), combeite remains as the main crystalline phase. Additionally, Na2Ca2Si2O7 crystalline phase is formed. Our results provide a basic platform for tailoring the crystalline phases by controlling the nucleation and growth of crystalline phases via thermal treatments. Different morphologies (round particles, stacked layers, toothpick‐like, and long features) were discerned by TEM as a function of temperature and time of treatment. It is the first time that bioactive glass is investigated by nano‐CT at laboratory scale. This novel technique enables the 3D visualization of features in the nanometer range, giving clear information about the volumetric distribution of phases in the sample.