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Shaping Metallic Nanolattices: Design by Microcontact Printing from Wrinkled Stamps

: Wang, X.; Sperling, M.; Reifarth, M.; Böker, A.

Volltext ()

Small 16 (2020), Nr.11, Art. 1906721, 8 S.
ISSN: 1613-6810
ISSN: 1613-6829
European Commission EC
H2020; 648365; REPLICOLL
Self-replicating Colloidal Assemblies
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IAP ()

A method for the fabrication of well‐defined metallic nanostructures is presented here in a simple and straightforward fashion. As an alternative to lithographic techniques, this routine employs microcontact printing utilizing wrinkled stamps, which are prepared from polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), and includes the formation of hydrophobic stripe patterns on a substrate via the transfer of oligomeric PDMS. Subsequent backfilling of the interspaces between these stripes with a hydroxyl‐functional poly(2‐vinyl pyridine) then provides the basic pattern for the deposition of citrate‐stabilized gold nanoparticles promoted by electrostatic interaction. The resulting metallic nanostripes can be further customized by peeling off particles in a second microcontact printing step, which employs poly(ethylene imine) surface‐decorated wrinkled stamps, to form nanolattices. Due to the independent adjustability of the period dimensions of the wrinkled stamps and stamp orientation with respect to the substrate, particle arrays on the (sub)micro‐scale with various kinds of geometries are accessible in a straightforward fashion. This work provides an alternative, cost‐effective, and scalable surface‐patterning technique to fabricate nanolattice structures applicable to multiple types of functional nanoparticles. Being a top‐down method, this process could be readily implemented into, e.g., the fabrication of optical and sensing devices on a large scale.