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Comparative investigations into microstructural and mechanical properties of as‐cast and laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) fabricated duplex steel (1.4517)

Vergleichende Untersuchungen zu mikrostrukturellen und mechanischen Eigenschaften von Gussstahl und durch Laser‐Pulver‐Bett‐Schmelzen hergestelltem Duplexstahl (1.4517)
 
: Raffeis, I.; Vroomen, U.; Adjei-Kyeremeh, F.; Großmann, D.; Hammelrath, H.; Westhoff, E.; Bremen, S.; Boscolo Bozza, D.; Bührig-Polaczek, A.

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Volltext ()

Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik 51 (2020), Nr.4, S.432-444
ISSN: 0933-5137
ISSN: 1521-4052
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ILT ()

Abstract
A methodology is presented that compares the microstructural and mechanical properties of as‐cast and additive‐made ferritic‐austenitic duplex steel 1.4517. Microstructure of approximately equal amounts of ferrite and austenite measured in as‐cast material could not be replicated in post heat‐treated laser powder bed fusion samples after 30 min and 60 min of post heat treatment. This is attributed to nitrogen loss during powder atomization which left fewer austenite formers. Post‐heat treated laser powder bed fusion samples of duplex structure had its austenite content repeatedly adjusted between 38 % and 40 %. As‐built laser powder bed fusion tensile specimens which had a ferritic microstructure recorded high tensile and yield strength but had very poor elongation. Post heat‐treated duplex laser powder bed fusion tensile specimen built in both horizontal and vertical orientations had good tensile and yield strength comparable to conventional casting processes; Tensile strength – 739 MPa (horizontal), 759 MPa (vertical); Yield strength (Rp0.2) – 489 MPa (horizontal), 525 MPa (vertical). The horizontally built duplex specimen had a very high elongation of 32 % than the vertical (11 %) or conventionally reported (22 %). This work establishes the 1.4517 duplex steel as a good candidate with good mechanical properties when processed by additive manufacturing.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-596535.html