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Numerical and experimental validation of residual stresses of laser-welded joints and their influence on the fatigue behaviour

: Sepe, R.; Wiebesiek, J.; Sonsino, C.M.


Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures 43 (2020), Nr.6, S.1126-1141
ISSN: 8756-758X
ISSN: 0160-4112
ISSN: 1460-2695
Fraunhofer LBF ()

In this work laser-welded tube-tube specimens made of aluminium alloys AlMg3.5Mn and AlSi1MgMn T6 were experimentally tested under constant and variable amplitude loading, under pure axial and pure torsion loading. In order to evaluate the influence on fatigue behaviour of the residual stresses, because of the welding process, some specimens were subjected to postweld heat treatment and then were tested. The numerical analyses, using finite element (FE), were carried out to obtain a reliable estimation of the residual stress in the specimen. The numerical results were in a good agreement with experimental ones obtained by means of hole-drilling method. Finally, the residual stress distribution was superimposed to stress distribution because of fatigue loads obtained by FE analyses applying local concept, to calculate the stresses in the crack initiation zone and to understand the different types of failure that occurred in as-welded and relieved specimens.