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Material modeling in forming simulation of three-dimensional fiber-metal-laminates - A parametric study

: Werner, Henrik; Poppe, Christian; Henning, Frank; Kärger, Luise

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5960677 (1.0 MByte PDF)
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Erstellt am: 20.8.2020

Procedia manufacturing 47 (2020), S.154-161
ISSN: 2351-9789
International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM) <23, 2020, Online>
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Konferenzbeitrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ICT ()
process simulation; FE-Forming Simulation; Fiber-Metal-Laminates; hybrid; T-RTM; RTM; deep drawing

Forming of fiber-metal-laminates (FML) into complex geometries is challenging, due to the low fracture toughness of the fibers. Several researchers have addressed this topic in recent years. A new manufacturing process has been introduced in our previous work that successfully combines deep drawing with thermoplastic resin transfer molding (T-RTM) in a single process step. During molding, the fabric is infiltrated with a reactive monomeric matrix, which polymerizes to a thermoplastic after the forming process is completed. In our previous work, a numerical modeling approach was presented for this fully integrated process, investigating a hybrid laminate with 1 mm thick metal sheets of DC04 as top layers and three inner glass fiber layers. Although initial results were promising, there were still some pending issues regarding the modeling of material behavior. The current study aims to address several of these open issues and to provide a general modelling framework for future enhancements. For this purpose, the existing modelling approach is extended and used for parameter analysis. Regarding the influence of different material characteristics on the forming result, shear, bending and compression properties of the fabric are modified systematically. It is shown, that the compression behavior and particularly the tension-compression anisotropy of the fabric is of high importance for modelling the combined forming of fabric and metal. The bending and shear properties of the fabric are negligible small compared to the metal stiffness which dominates the draping process. Finally, it is demonstrated that modelling the fabric layers using continuum shells provides a promising approach for future research, as it enables a suitable way to account for transversal compaction during molding.