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Design and Evaluation of a Tool to Support Air Traffic Control with 2D and 3D Visualizations

: Rottermanner, Gernot; Jesus Oliveira, Victor Adriel de; Lechner, Patrik; Graf, Philipp; Kreiger, Mylene; Wagner, Markus; Iber, Michael; Rokitansky, Carl-Herbert; Eschbacher, Kurt; Grantz, Volker; Settgast, Volker; Judmaier, Peter


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces, VR 2020. Proceedings : 22-26 March 2020, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society Conference Publishing Services (CPS), 2020
ISBN: 978-1-7281-5608-8
ISBN: 978-1-7281-5609-5
Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces (VR) <2020, Atlanta/Ga.>
Fraunhofer Austria ()
human-centered computing; user study; graphical user interfaces (GUI); User Interface Design; user-centered design

Air traffic control officers (ATCOs) are specialized workers responsible to monitor and guide airplanes in their assigned airspace. Such a task is highly visual and mainly supported by 2D visualizations. In this paper, we designed and assessed an application for visualizing air traffic in both orthographic (2D) and perspective (3D) views. A user study was then performed to compare these two types of representations in terms of situation awareness, workload, performance, and user acceptance. Results show that the 3D view yielded both higher situation awareness and less workload than the 2D view condition. However, such a performance does not match the opinion of the ATCOs about the 3D representation.