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Molecularization of Bitter Off-Taste Compounds in Pea-Protein Isolates (Pisum sativum L.)

: Gläser, Peter; Dawid, Corinna; Meister, Stephanie; Bader-Mittermaier, Stephanie; Schott, Michael; Eisner, Peter; Hofmann, Thomas


Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2020), Online First
ISSN: 0021-8561
ISSN: 1520-5118
Fraunhofer IVV ()

Activity-guided fractionations, combined with taste dilution analyses (TDA), were performed to locate the key compounds contributing to the bitter off-taste of pea-protein isolates (Pisum sativum L.). Purification of the compounds perceived with the highest sensory impact, followed by 1D/2D-NMR, (LC-)MS/MS, LC-TOF-MS, and MSE experiments, led to the identification of 14 lipids and lipid oxidation products, namely, 9,10,13-trihydroxyoctadec-12-enoic acid, 9,12,13-trihydroxyoctadec-10-enoic acid, 9,10,11-trihydroxyoctadec-12-enoic, 11,12,13-trihydroxyoctadec-9-enoic acid, (10E,12E)-9-hydroxyoctadeca-10,12-dienoic acid, (9Z,11E)-13-hydroxyoctadeca-9,11-dienoic acid, (9E,11E)-13-hydroxyoctadeca-9,11-dienoic acid, 1-linoleoyl glycerol, α-linolenic acid, 2-hydroxypalmitic acid, 2-hydroxyoleic acid, linoleic acid, (9Z,11E)-13-oxooctadeca-9,11-dienoic acid, and octacosa-6,9,19,22-tetraen. Herein, we present the isolation, structure determination, and sensory activity of these molecules. Depending on their structure, the isolated compounds showed human bitter recognition thresholds between 0.06 and 0.99 mmol/L in water.