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Design of endoscopes for monitoring water-cooled divertor in W7-X

: Fellinger, J.; Lippmann, U.; Greve, H.; Alhashimi, M.; Schülke, M.; Äkaslompolo, S.; Drewelow, P.; Jakubowski, M.; König, R.; Lorenz, A.


Fusion engineering and design (2020), 158, Art. 111841
ISSN: 0920-3796
Fraunhofer IOF ()
divertor thermography; ECRH stray radiation; Endoscope; Infrared / Materials; Wendelstein 7-X

The modular stellarator Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) in Greifswald (Germany) started operation in 2015 with short pulse limiter plasmas and continued with pulsed divertor plasmas in 2017−2018. In 2021, the next operation phase (OP) OP2 will start after installation of 10 water-cooled CFC armored divertors, allowing for steady state operation. Since divertor heat loads are very sensitive to plasma parameters, each water-cooled divertor needs to be monitored to interrupt or adapt plasma operation once overload is detected. For that purpose ten endoscopes are planned: two in module 3 and eight more in a different type of port in the other modules. The infrared (IR) radiation from the plasma facing surface as well as the plasma edge radiation in the visible (VIS) range is captured through a pinhole in a water-cooled plasma facing head and transmitted to the rear side outside the vacuum where the light is split and captured by an IR and VIS camera. The design challenge is to reach a high-resolution image of the entire target while capturing a large field of view (FOV) of 120 degrees. In this paper, the design and assembly strategy is presented, including the assessment of the optical, thermo-mechanical and hydraulic performance.