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Developments for improved direct methanol fuel cell stacks for portable power

: Cremers, C.; Scholz, M.; Seliger, W.; Racz, A.; Knechtel, W.; Rittmayr, J.; Grafwallner, F.; Peller, H.; Stimming, U.


Hebling, C.:
Lucerne Fuel Cell Forum 2005. Vol.1 : July 2005, Lucerne, Switzerland
Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2007 (Fuel cells from fundamentals to systems 7.2007, Nr.1)
Lucerne Fuel Cell Forum <2005, Lucerne>
Konferenzbeitrag, Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer ICT ()

Different aspects of the improvement of direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) systems for portable power generation are investigated, in a project funded by the Bavarian state. The materials research focuses on the development of improved catalysts, in particular for the oxygen reduction reaction. Some recent results on supported ruthenium selenium catalysts are reported. In parallel, tests on other fuel cell materials are performed using MEAs made from industrial unsupported catalysts as the reference. These standard MEAs have catalyst loadings of about 11 mg cm(-2) and, at high air flux, can deliver current densities of about 500 mA cm(-2) and 100 mA cm(-2) at 110 degrees C and 50 degrees C, respectively. At low air flux and 50 degrees C, current densities between 60 and 80 mA cm(-2) are possible @ 500 mV. Using these MEAs, different commercial gas diffusion materials are tested as the cathode backing. Thus, it is found that the Sigracet materials by SGL Carbon are the most suitable for operation at a low air flux. Finally, a demonstration stack, comprised of up to ten cells, is developed using graphite PVDF compound bipolar plates by SGL Carbon. As will be reported, this stack shows a high homogeneity of cell voltages and stable operation under relevant conditions, using standard MEAs.