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Micro hole-based cell chip with impedance spectroscopy

: Cho, S.; Thielecke, H.


Biosensors & bioelectronics 22 (2007), Nr.8, S.1764-1768
ISSN: 0956-5663
ISSN: 1873-4235
Fraunhofer IBMT ()

Electric fields can be used for the characterisation and manipulation of single biological cells. One approach to avoid the effect of electrode polarisation is to position cells on micro holes and to apply the electrical fields via the micro holes. For a correct characterisation and optimal manipulation, the electrical properties of the micro hole/cell interface must be understood. In this article, the electrical characteristics of a micro hole-based cell chip were investigated. By FEM simulation, it was estimated that the impedance measurement with micro hole-based chip is most dependent on the cell adhesion/spread rather than the intra-cellular space (contribution of intra-cellular space to the total impedance: 0.07% at 1 kHz, 0.3% at 1 MHz). The effective frequency range in which the impedance related with cell state on the hole considerably influences total measured impedance was below several kiloHertz. From the experiments, it was shown that the impedance of cell cultured on the hole at the low frequency range is increased during the increase of cultivation period, but is sensitively decreased after applying only several nanolitres of culture medium including 5% dimethlysulfoxide. This micro hole-based chip has a potential for monitoring the cell growth and the membrane integrity of even single cell without any labelling.