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A Novel Approach for the Determination of Sorption Equilibria and Sorption Enthalpy Used for MOF Aluminium Fumarate with Water

: Laurenz, E.; Füldner, G.; Schnabel, L.; Schmitz, G.

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5934302 (1.7 MByte PDF)
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Erstellt am: 9.7.2020

Energies 13 (2020), Nr.11, Art. 3003, 10 S.
ISSN: 1996-1073
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Thermische Systeme und Gebäudetechnik; adsorption; adsorption enthalpy; adsorption equilibrium; aluminum fumarate; coating; cooling; heat of adsorption; heat pump; heat transformation; metal organic framework; energieeffizientes Gebäude; Lüftungs- und Klimatechnik; Thermische Speicher für Gebäude; Wärmepumpe

Adsorption chillers offer an environmentally friendly solution for the valorisation of waste or solar heat for cooling demands. A recent application is high efficiency data centre cooling, where heat from CPUs is used to drive the process, providing cooling for auxiliary loads. The metal organic framework aluminium fumarate with water is potentially a suitable material pair for this low temperature driven application. A targeted heat exchanger design is a prerequisite for competitiveness, requiring, amongst other things, a sound understanding of adsorption equilibria and adsorption enthalpy. A novel method is employed for their determination based on small isothermal and isochoric state changes, applied with an apparatus developed initially for volume swing frequency response measurement, to samples with a binder-based adsorbent coating. The adsorption enthalpy is calculated through the Clausius–Clapeyron equation from the obtained slopes of the isotherm and isobar, while the absolute uptake is determined volumetrically. The isotherm confirms the step-like form known for aluminium fumarate, with a temperature dependent inflection point at prel≈ 0.25, 0.28 and 0.33 for 30 °C, 40 °C and 60 °C. The calculated differential enthalpy of adsorption is 2.90 ± 0.05 MJ/kg (52.2 ± 1.0 kJ/mol) on average, which is about 10–15% higher than expected by a simple Dubinin approximation.