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Gastric mucosal devitalization improves blood pressure, renin and cardiovascular lipid deposition in a rat model of obesity

: Oberbach, Andreas; Schlichting, Nadine; Kullnick, Yvonne; Heinrich, Marco; Lehmann, Stefanie; Retschlag, Ulf; Friedrich, Maik; Fayad, Lea; Dietrich, Arne; Khashab, Mouen A.; Kalloo, Anthony N.; Kumbhari, Vivek

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Endoscopy international open 7 (2019), Nr.12, S.E1605-E1615
ISSN: 2364-3722
ISSN: 2196-9736
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IZI ()

Background and study aims
In lieu of the drawbacks of metabolic surgery, a method of mimicking resection of the gastric mucosa could be of value to those with obesity-related cardiovascular disease (CVD). Our study aims to investigate the effect of gastric mucosal devitalization (GMD) on blood pressure (BP) and cardiovascular lipid deposition in a rat model of obesity.
GMD of 70 % of the stomach was achieved by argon plasma coagulation. GMD was compared to sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and sham (SH) in a high-fat-diet-induced rat model of obesity (48 rats). At 8 weeks, we measured noninvasive BP, renin, vessel relaxation and ghrelin receptor regulation in the aorta. In addition, we quantified cardiac lipid deposition and lipid droplet deposition in cardiac muscle and aorta.
GMD and SG were observed to have similar reductions in body weight, visceral adiposity, and serum lipid profile compared to SH rats. GMD resulted in a significant reduction in arterial BP compared to SH. Furthermore, there were significant reductions in plasma renin activity and percentage of phenylnephrine constriction to acetylcholine at the aortic ring in GMD rats compared to SH, providing insights into the mechanisms behind the reduced BP. Interestingly, the reduced BP occurred despite a reduction in endothelial ghrelin recteptor activation. Cardiac lipid content was significantly reduced in GMD rats. Lipid deposition, as illustrated by Nile Red stain, was reduced in cardiac muscle and the aorta.
GMD resulted in a significant improvement in BP, renin and cardiovascular lipid deposition. GMD deserves further attention as a method of treating obesity-related CVD.