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Valorisation of lignocellulosic biomass investigating different pyrolysis temperatures

: Santos, Joao; Ouadi, Miloud; Jahangiri, Hessam; Hornung, Andreas


Journal of the Energy Institute (2020), Online First, 10 S.
ISSN: 1743-9671
ISSN: 1746-0220
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Sulzbach-Rosenberg ()
thermo-catalytic reforming; pyrolysis; biofuel; sugarcane bagasse; oat hulls

Presently, sugarcane bagasse (SB) and oat hulls (OH) have a distinctive potential as a renewable source of biomass, due to its global availability, which is advantageous for producing liquid and gaseous fuels by thermochemical processes. Thermo-Catalytic Reforming (TCR) is a pyrolysis based technology for generating energy vectors (char, bio-oil and syngas) from biomass wastes. This work aims to study the conversion of SB and OH into fuels, using TCR in a 2 kg/h continuous pilot-scale reactor at different pyrolysis temperatures. The pyrolysis temperatures were studied at 400, 450 and 500 °C, while the subsequent reforming temperature remained constant at 500 °C. The bio-oil contained the highest calorific value of 33.4 and 33.5 MJ/kg for SB and OH, respectively at 500 C pyrolysis temperature, which represented a notable increase compared to the raw material calorific value of SB and OH (16.4 and16.0 MJ/kg, respectively), this was the result of deoxygenation reactions occurring. Furthermore, the increment of the pyrolysis temperature improved the water content, total acid number (TAN), viscosity and density of the bio-oil. The syngas and the biochar properties did not change significantly with the increase of the pyrolysis temperature. In order to use TCR bio-oil as an engine fuel, it is necessary to carry out some upgrading treatments; or blend it with fossil fuels if it is to be used as a transportation fuel. Overall, TCR is a promising future route for the valorisation of lingo cellulosic residues to produce energy vectors.