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Low-energy electron irradiation efficiently inactivates the gram-negative pathogen rodentibacter pneumotropicus

A new method for the generation of bacterial vaccines with increased efficacy
: Fertey, Jasmin; Bayer, Lea; Kähl, Sophie; Haji, Rukiya M.; Burger-Kentischer, Anke; Thoma, Martin; Standfest, Bastian; Schönfelder, Jessi; Casado, Javier Portillo; Rögner, Frank-Holm; Baums, Christoph Georg; Grunwald, Thomas; Ulbert, Sebastian

Volltext ()

Vaccines 8 (2020), Nr.1, Art. 113, 11 S.
ISSN: 2076-393X
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IZI ()
Fraunhofer IGB ()
Fraunhofer IPA ()
Fraunhofer FEP ()
Bacterin; Electron beam; Inactivation of bacteria; Low-energy electron irradiation; Rodentibacter; Bakterien; Elektronenstrahl; Strahlentherapie

Bacterial pathogens cause severe infections worldwide in livestock and in humans, and antibiotic resistance further increases the importance of prophylactic vaccines. Inactivated bacterial vaccines (bacterins) are usually produced via incubation of the pathogen with chemicals such as formaldehyde, which is time consuming and may cause loss of immunogenicity due to the modification of structural components. We evaluated low-energy electron irradiation (LEEI) as an alternative method to generate a bacterin. Rodentibacter pneumotropicus, an invasive Gram-negative murine pathogen, was inactivated with LEEI and formaldehyde. LEEI resulted in high antigen conservation, and LPS activity was significantly better maintained when compared with formaldehyde treatment. Immunization of mice with LEEI-inactivated R. pneumotropicus elicited a strong immune response with no detectable bacterial burden upon sublethal challenge. The results of this study suggest the inactivation of bacteria with LEEI as an alternative, fast and efficient method to generate bacterial vaccines with increased efficacy.