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Biodegradation testing of volatile hydrophobic chemicals in water-sediment systems - Experimental developments and challenges

 
: Shresta, Prasit; Meisterjahn, Boris; Hughes, Christopher B.; Mayer, Philipp; Birch, Heidi; Hennecke, Dieter

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Volltext ()

Chemosphere 238 (2020), Art. 124516, 9 S.
ISSN: 0045-6535
ISSN: 0366-7111
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IME ()
biodegradation; OECD 308; volatile chemicals; mass balance; bio-film; closed setup

Abstract
Degradation data are crucial for the persistence assessment of chemicals and they are generated using standard OECD guidelines. The OECD 308 describes a simulation biodegradation test of chemicals in water-sediment systems. This guideline is not applicable for testing highly volatile chemicals and recommends a closed biometer test setup for testing slightly volatile chemicals. However, proper details on system geometries, construction and monitoring of aerobic conditions are not provided. The choice of system geometry and sediment:water ratio influences the partitioning of test chemicals between different compartments (water, sediment and headspace) and can therefore affect their degradation. The guideline recommends the addition of test chemical via aqueous solutions, which however is not possible for hydrophobic volatile chemicals due to their volatilization losses and low solubility. Thus, the use of a co-solvent is necessary for the application of such chemicals but its effects in a closed setup has not been studied. We recently developed an improved closed test setup for testing volatile chemicals in soil. The objective was to adapt this improved test setup to conduct OECD 308 tests using 14C labelled chemicals with different volatilities. Using the adapted test setup it was possible to obtain a complete mass balance even for n-decane and tetralin having the highest Henry's constants of the tested chemicals. However, the use of co-solvent affected the oxygen levels, which in turn affected microbial activity and likely also the degradation of test chemicals. Therefore, the adapted test setup needs further developments for the testing of volatile hydrophobic chemicals.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-582920.html