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Psychrobacter pygoscelis sp. nov. isolated from the penguin pygoscelis papua

: Kämpfer, P.; Glaeser, S.P.; Irgang, R.; Fernández-Negrete, G.; Poblete-Morales, M.; Fuentes-Messina, D.; Cortez-San Martín, M.; Avendaño-Herrera, R.

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International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology : IJSEM 70 (2020), Nr.1, S.211-219
ISSN: 1466-5026
ISSN: 1466-5034
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer Chile Research - Centro para la Biotecnología de Sistemas ()

One slightly beige-white pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterium, strain I-STPP5bT, was isolated from the trachea of a Gentoo penguin chick individual (Pygoscelin papua) investigated in Fildes Bay, Chilean Antarctic (62° 12′ S, 58° 57′ W). I-STPP5bT consists of a 3.4 Mb chromosome with a DNA G+C content of 44.4 mol%. Of the 3056 predicted genes, 1206 were annotated as hypothetical proteins and 51 were tRNAs. Phylogenetic analysis based on nearly full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate shared a 16S rRNA gene sequence identity to the type strains of Psychrobacter phenylpyruvicus (98.8 %), Psychrobacter arenosus and Psychrobacter pasteurii (both 98.3 %), Psychrobacter piechaudii (98.2 %) and Psychrobacter sanguinis (98.1 %), but 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to all other Psychrobacter species were ≤98.0 %. Partial gyrB nucleotide and amino acid sequence similarities among strain STPP5bT and the next related type strains were all below 81.8 and 92.9%, respectively. DNA–DNA hybridisation (DDH) with P. phenylpyruvicus LMG 5372T, P. arenosus DSM 15389T and P. sanguinis DSM 23635T also showed low values (all below 30 %). The main cellular fatty acids of the strain were C18 : 1ω9c and C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c. Based on phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic, genomic and phenotypic analyses we propose a new species of the genus Psychrobacter, with the name Psychrobacter pygoscelis sp. nov. and strain I-STPP5bT (=CIP 111410T= CCM 8799T=LMG 30301T) as type strain.