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Acoustic indoor localization augmentation by self-calibration and machine learning

: Bordoy, J.; Schott, D.J.; Xie, J.; Bannoura, A.; Klein, P.; Striet, L.; Hoeflinger, F.; Haering, I.; Reindl, L.; Schindelhauer, C.

Volltext ()

Sensors. Online journal 20 (2020), Nr.4, Art. 1177, 22 S.
ISSN: 1424-8220
ISSN: 1424-8239
ISSN: 1424-3210
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer EMI ()

An acoustic transmitter can be located by having multiple static microphones. These microphones are synchronized and measure the time differences of arrival (TDoA). Usually, the positions of the microphones are assumed to be known in advance. However, in practice, this means they have to be manually measured, which is a cumbersome job and is prone to errors. In this paper, we present two novel approaches which do not require manual measurement of the receiver positions. The first method uses an inertial measurement unit (IMU), in addition to the acoustic transmitter, to estimate the positions of the receivers. By using an IMU as an additional source of information, the non-convex optimizers are less likely to fall into local minima. Consequently, the success rate is increased and measurements with large errors have less influence on the final estimation. The second method we present in this paper consists of using machine learning to learn the TDoA signatures of certain regions of the localization area. By doing this, the target can be located without knowing where the microphones are and whether the received signals are in line-of-sight or not. We use an artificial neural network and random forest classification for this purpose.