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Influence of the growth interface shape on the defect characteristics in the facet region of 4H-SiC single crystals

: Arzig, M.; Salamon, M.; Hsiao, T.C.; Uhlmann, N.; Wellmann, P.J.


Journal of Crystal Growth 532 (2020), Art. 125436
ISSN: 0022-0248
Fraunhofer IIS ()

Two 75 mm 4H-SiC single crystals are grown by the physical vapor transport (PVT) technique, using different insulation materials. The insulation material of higher thermal conductivity led to an increased radial temperature gradient. The evolution of the growth front was monitored using the in-situ computed tomography (CT). A slightly bent growth interface and a bigger facet are formed during the growth applying a lower radial temperature gradient while a smaller facet and steeper crystal flanks are formed in the case of the larger radial temperature gradient. Micropipes are deflected laterally by large surface steps on the steep crystal flanks and a reduction of threading edge dislocations by 60% is revealed by KOH defect etching.