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Adhesively- and hybrid-bonded joining of basalt and carbon fibre reinforced polybenzoxazine-based composites

: Wolter, N.; Beber, V.C.; Brede, M.; Koschek, K.


Composite structures 236 (2020), Art. 111800
ISSN: 0263-8223
Fraunhofer IFAM ()

Polybenzoxazines-based composites are an excellent alternative in lightweight design due to their outstanding properties in terms of chemical stability, inherent flame resistance, as well as mechanical performance. The present work provides an investigation of different joining techniques for polybenzoxazine-based composites, namely adhesively - and hybrid bonded joining. The effects of fibre reinforcement (carbon or basalt), and substrate thickness (2 or 3 mm) on the lap-shear strength of joints are taken into consideration. Here, basalt (BFRP) and carbon fibre reinforced plastics (CFRP) were manufactured by vacuum infusion technique followed by a convection oven curing. Mechanical characterisation of substrates included tensile and interlaminar shear strength testing. Hybrid joints were fabricated by rivet insertion in cured joints bonded with a structural adhesive. Adhesive bonding showed to be a proper joining technique presenting a good adhesion with substrates, and adequate cohesive strength. Hybrid bonded joints had a fail-safe fracture and higher energy absorption prior to failure than their adhesively bonded counterparts. No effect of substrate thickness on lap-shear strength was observed. The dominating failure mechanism for the joints was the delamination of the topmost-layer due to peel stresses. CFRP joints exhibited higher lap-shear strength than BFRP joints, which was consistent with interlaminar shear strength results.