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The omega-3 lipid 17,18-EEQ sensitizes TRPV1 and TRPA1 in sensory neurons through the prostacyclin receptor (IP)

: Schäfer, S.M.G.; Sendetski, M.; Angioni, C.; Nüsing, R.; Geisslinger, G.; Scholich, K.; Sisignano, M.


Neuropharmacology 166 (2020), Art. 107952
ISSN: 1873-7064
ISSN: 0028-3908
Fraunhofer IME ()

Oxidized lipids play an important role in pain processing by modulation of the activity of sensory neurons. However, the role of many signalling lipids that do not belong to the classical group of eicosanoids, especially of oxidized omega-3 lipids in pain processing is unclear. Here we investigated the role of the endogenously produced omega-3 lipids 17,18-EEQ and 19,20-EDP in modulating the activity of sensory neurons. We found that 17,18-EEQ but not 19,20-EDP can sensitize the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 and ankyrin 1 ion channels (TRPV1 and TRPA1) in sensory neurons, which depends on activation of a Gs-coupled receptor and PKA activation. Screening of different Gs-coupled lipid receptor-deficient mice, identified the prostacyclin receptor IP as putative receptor for 17,18-EEQ. Since 17,18-EEQ is synthesized by the Cytochrome-P450-Epoxygenase CYP2J2, we established a cellular mass spectrometry-based screening assay to identify substances that can suppress 17,18-EEQ concentrations. Using this assay, we identify the antidepressant venlafaxine and the antihypertensive drug telmisartan as potent inhibitors of CYP2J2-dependent 17,18-EEQ synthesis. These findings identify 17,18-EEQ as first omega-3-derived lipid mediator that acts via the IP receptor and sensitizes the TRPV1 channel in sensory neurons. Moreover, the results give a mechanistic explanation for the antinociceptive effects of venlafaxine, which are still not well understood. Like telmisartan, venlafaxine may reduce neuronal activity by blocking CYP2J2 and 17,18-EEQ synthesis and by inhibiting the IP receptor-PKA-TRPV1 axis in sensory neurons.