Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Optical Wireless MIMO Experiments in an Industrial Environment

: Wilke Berenguer, P.; Schulz, D.; Hilt, J.; Hellwig, P.; Kleinpeter, G.; Fischer, J.K.; Jungnickel, V.


IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 36 (2018), Nr.1, S.185-193
ISSN: 0733-8716
Fraunhofer HHI ()

This paper reports on a field trial in a robotic manufacturing cell. Channel measurements and transmission experiments were conducted, assisting the development of a light-emitting diode-based optical wireless communication (OWC) system tailored for the needs of industrial wireless applications. These are moderate data rates, reliability, and low latency. Since dedicated radio spectrum is hardly available, the usage of light is an interesting alternative. Due to its spatial confinement, OWC links provide enhanced security and are difficult to jam from outside a building-a particularly interesting property for industrial applications. We performed broadband distributed $8\times 6$ multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channel measurements in a manufacturing cell. Results confirm that the signal-to-noise ratio is sufficient if a line-of-sight (LOS) is available and bandwidth is limited to a few megahertz. However, small movements and rotations may lead to sudden fades of 10-20 dB, when an LOS is blocked. To improve reliability, antenna diversity concepts are applied. Results show that for reliable communication, MIMO diversity schemes are indispensable as it increases the probability of a free LOS significantly. Based on these insights, we suggest an OWC design tailored to industrial wireless applications.