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Interactive Implants: Ethical, legal and social implications

 
: Droste, W.; Hoffmann, K.-P.; Olze, H.; Kneist, W.; Krüger, T.; Rupp, R.; Ruta, M.

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Volltext ()

Current directions in biomedical engineering 4 (2018), Nr.1, S.13-16
ISSN: 2364-5504
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IBMT ()

Abstract
The use of intelligent implants and prostheses offers significant advances for optimizing medical treatment methods and is combined with an increasing technological modification of human body. This raises many exciting questions concerning law, ethics and social implications: Does the use of these techniques stay in line with our legal system and if yes, can the technical use be limited by governmental restrictions under certain conditions? Have moral values to be incorporated into technical artifacts? If machines are recreated from human beings, do they have to be provided with a legal subjectivity? Medical devices must be compatible with a high level of protection of health and safety. Therefore challenges, which are consequences of the indeterminate behaviour and the autonomous learning abilities of artificial intelligence, have to be faced. For avoidance of any hazards for legally protected rights medical product manufacturers have to assume legal duties, which affect construction, instruction and product development. For medical professionals there are also liabilities of maintenance measures and technical control that have to be accomplished.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-581986.html