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Electrical stimulation with motility analysis of five parts of the gastrointestinal tract

: Schiemer, J.F.; Heimann, A.; Somerlik-Fuchs, K.; Ruff, R.; Hoffmann, K.-P.; Baumgart, J.; Kneist, W.

Volltext ()

Current directions in biomedical engineering 4 (2018), Nr.1, S.9-11
ISSN: 2364-5504
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IBMT ()

Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders are frequent and clinically significant conditions with impairment of patient’s quality of life. Examples range from upper GI symptoms such as dysphagia and gastroparesis to lower GI manifestations, namely chronic-intestinal pseudo obstruction, diarrhea and constipation. Furthermore, postoperative motility disorders are common. Currently, available pharmacological or dietetic treatment options are limited. Since GI motility is based on myoelectric activity, electrical stimulation (ES) is a promising alternative. Numerous studies have demonstrated suitable pacing strategies and parameters in different GI segments. However, results of multilocular ES are rare. We report the first experimental study to evaluate ES of five GI parts in a porcine model. Multi-channel electromyography (EMG) recordings of gastrointestinal baseline and poststimulatory electrical activity were realized together with video-based marker tracking (VBMT). ES provoked visible GI contractions and appeared to modulate frequencies of slow waves and spikes. Further investigations are needed for analysis of locoregional and cross-organ effects of ES on the GI tract.