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Detection of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in urban environments

: Nüßler, D.; Shoykhetbrod, A.; Gütgemann, S.; Küter, A.; Welp, B.; Pohl, N.; Krebs, C.


Buller, G.S. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Emerging Imaging and Sensing Technologies for Security and Defence III and Unmanned Sensors, Systems, and Countermeasures : 10-13 September 2018, Berlin, Germany
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2018 (Proceedings of SPIE 10799)
ISBN: 978-1-5106-2181-7
ISBN: 978-1-5106-2182-4
Paper 107990R, 11 S.
Conference "Emerging Imaging and Sensing Technologies for Security and Defence" <3, 2018, Berlin>
Conference "Unmanned Sensors, Systems, and Countermeasures" <2018, Berlin>
Fraunhofer FHR ()

The detection and tracking of UAV’s is a critical task for public and military security. The main are the low flight height and the small radar cross section (RCS). The problems increase in an urban environment with many high buildings, especially when tall buildings block the line of sight. A new concept of distributed radar sensors was developed to close this gap. To reduce the impact of radar shadows in urban canyons, a surveillance grid of optical and radar sensors is necessary which covers the complete urban environment. The radar sensors build up different security sectors and monitor all access routes for attacking UAVs. Sophisticated cameras which offer night vision capabilities complete the sensor network to reduce the false alarm rate through these regular, declared UAV flights. Cameras allow the integration of a man in the loop which has the final responsibility to define a target as a threat or not. The system supports the operator with a database which based on optical and radar signature of most commercially available UAV’s.