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Indoor Positioning Using OFDM-Based Visible Light Communication System

: Ghimire, B.; Seitz, J.; Mutschler, C.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
IPIN 2018, Ninth International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation : September 24-27, 2018, Nantes, France
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2018
ISBN: 978-1-5386-5635-8
ISBN: 978-1-5386-5636-5
International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN) <9, 2018, Nantes>
Fraunhofer IIS ()

Precise indoor positioning is essential to support emerging applications of location aware mobile computing. Current positioning techniques that use signals transmitted in the Gigahertz region of radio-frequency spectrum do not provide highly accurate position estimates due to multipath propagation of signals. This paper proposes a novel positioning system which uses the entities of visible light communication (VLC) system as anchors and tags. Our technique scales with the number of tags and the VLC network provides both positioning and communication capabilities. The anchor points transmit the OFDM-based VLC signals synchronously, and we estimate the time differences of arrival between anchor points and tags using positioning reference signals embedded into the air-interface of the VLC system. Simulation results show that positioning accuracy of 10 cm or better is possible for over 95% of users if the sampling clock offset is better that 10 ppm, clock jitter is below 1 ps, and a bit resolution of at least 16 bits is available.