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Functional Dominance of CHIP-Mutated Hematopoietic Stem Cells in Patients Undergoing Autologous Transplantation

: Ortmann, C.A.; Dorsheimer, L.; Abou-El-Ardat, K.; Hoffrichter, J.; Assmus, B.; Bonig, H.; Scholz, A.; Pfeifer, H.; Martin, H.; Schmid, T.; Brüne, B.; Scheich, S.; Steffen, B.; Riemann, J.; Hermann, S.; Dukat, A.; Bug, G.; Brandts, C.H.; Wagner, S.; Serve, H.; Rieger, M.A.

Volltext ()

Cell reports 27 (2019), Nr.7, S.2022-2028
ISSN: 2211-1247
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IME ()

Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is caused by recurrent somatic mutations leading to clonal blood cell expansion. However, direct evidence of the fitness of CHIP-mutated human hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in blood reconstitution is lacking. Because myeloablative treatment and transplantation enforce stress on HSCs, we followed 81 patients with solid tumors or lymphoid diseases undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for the development of CHIP. We found a high incidence of CHIP (22%) after ASCT with a high mean variant allele frequency (VAF) of 10.7%. Most mutations were already present in the graft, albeit at lower VAFs, demonstrating a selective reconstitution advantage of mutated HSCs after ASCT. However, patients with CHIP mutations in DNA-damage response genes showed delayed neutrophil reconstitution. Thus, CHIP-mutated stem and progenitor cells largely gain on clone size upon ASCT-related blood reconstitution, leading to an increased future risk of CHIP-associated complications.