Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Spatially truncated Gaussian pulsed beam and its application in modeling diffraction of ultrashort pulses from hard apertures

: Worku, N.G.; Gross, H.


Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision 37 (2020), Nr.2, S.317-326
ISSN: 1084-7529
ISSN: 0740-3232
ISSN: 1520-8532
Fraunhofer IOF ()
aberration; diffraction; dispersion (waves); Gaussian distribution; numerical methods

A new kind of pulsed beam, which we call a spatially truncated Gaussian pulsed beam, is defined to represent a Gaussian pulsed beam that is diffracted from a semi-infinite hard aperture. The analytical equations for the propagation of the spatially truncated Gaussian pulsed beam through a nonrotationally symmetric paraxial system with second-order dispersion is derived starting from the generalized spatiotemporal Huygens integral. The spatially truncated Gaussian pulsed beam is then combined with the conventional Gaussian pulsed beam decomposition method to enable the modeling of diffraction of a general ultrashort pulse from an arbitrarily shaped hard aperture. The accuracy of the analytical propagation equation derived for the propagation of the truncated Gaussian pulsed beam is evaluated by a numerical comparison with diffraction results obtained using the conventional pulse propagation method based on the Fourier transform algorithm. The application of the modified Gaussian pulsed beam decomposition method is demonstrated by propagating an ultrashort pulse after a circular aperture through a dispersive medium and a focusing aspherical lens with large chromatic aberration.