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Phytochemical characterization and in vitro anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Combretum Collinum Fresen leaves extracts from Benin

: Marquardt, Peter; Seide, Rick; Vissiennon, Cica; Schubert, Andreas; Birkemeyer, Claudia; Ahyi, Virgile; Fester, Karin

Volltext ()

Molecules 25 (2020), Nr.2, Art. 288, 18 S.
ISSN: 1420-3049
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IZI ()
anti-inflammatory; antimicrobial; keratinocytes

Leaves from Combretum collinum Fresen (Combretaceae) are commonly used for the treatment of inflammatory conditions, wound healing and bacterial infections in traditional West African medicine. This research focuses on the characterization of the phenolic profile and lipophilic compounds of leaves extracts of C. collinum. Studies of the in vitro anti-inflammatory activity were performed in TNFα stimulated HaCaT cells and antibacterial activity was evaluated with agar well diffusion and microdilution assays. Antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH and ABTS assays and compared to standards. The phytochemical studies confirmed myricetin-3-O-rhamnoside and myricetin-3-O-glucoside as major components of the leaves extracts, each contributing significantly to the antioxidant activity of the hydrophilic extracts. GC-MS analysis identified 19 substances that were confirmed by comparison with spectral library data and authentic standards. Combretum collinum aqueous leaves extract decreased pro-inflammatory mediators in TNFα stimulated HaCaT cells. Further investigations showed that myricetin-3-O-rhamnoside has an anti-inflammatory effect on IL-8 secretion. In the antimicrobial screening, the largest inhibition zones were found against S. epidermidis, MRSA and S. aureus. MIC values resulted in 275.0 µg/mL for S. epidermidis and 385.5 µg/mL for MRSA. The in vitro anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antioxidant activity supports topical use of C. collinum leaves extracts in traditional West African medicine.