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Compensation of Water Influence on Anionic Polymerization of ε-Caprolactam: 1. Chemistry and Experiments

: Wilhelm, Michael; Wendel, Rainer; Aust, Martin; Rosenberg, Philipp; Henning, Frank

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5744401 (7.7 MByte PDF)
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Erstellt am: 24.1.2020

Journal of composites science 4 (2020), Nr.1, Art. 7, 19 S.
ISSN: 2504-477X
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ICT ()
thermoplastic resin; moisture; resin transfer molding; cure behavior; anionic polyamide-6

The activated anionic ring opening polymerization of ε-caprolactam to polyamide 6 is highly sensitive to external influences such as water. Based on an initial theory, preliminary reaction kinetic tests are carried out with the aim of compensating the influence of the water by increasing the activator and catalyst concentration. Different formulations of activator and catalyst were studied to understand the influence of water on the concentration of activator and catalyst. It was found that the compensation of added water with activator and catalyst restores the original reaction time. The test plates produced are examined with regard to their mechanical characteristics and the polymer properties. The results of the mechanical characterization show no significant impairment after compensation of the added water. The physical properties of the matrix show degradation with repeated compensation. However, the residual ε-caprolactam content remains below the critical value of 1% for three of the four investigated formulations.