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Simultaneous load and structural monitoring of a carbon fiber rudder stock: Experimental results from a quasi-static tensile test

: Neuschwander, K.; Moll, J.; Memmolo, V.; Schmidt, M.; Bücker, M.


Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 30 (2019), Nr.2, S.272-282
ISSN: 1045-389X
ISSN: 1530-8138
Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Energie BMWi (Deutschland)
Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Energie BMWi (Deutschland)
Fraunhofer LBF ()

Carbon-fiber-reinforced plastics are widely used in lightweight marine structures due to their high strength and superior fatigue behavior. In this article, we will present an innovative methodology for simultaneous load and structural monitoring of a carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic rudder stock as part of a big commercial vessel. Experimental results are presented here from a quasi-static tensile test in which the load monitoring is performed using embedded strain sensors. Structural monitoring is based on high-frequency electromechanical impedance spectroscopy combined with dedicated signal processing and surface-mounted piezoelectric transducers. We have achieved the following results: (1) the demonstration of a hybrid monitoring system including load and structural monitoring, (2) successful embedding of strain gauges during composite manufacturing of the carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic rudder stock, (3) development of instrumentation hardware for multichannel electromechanical impedance measurements, and (4) successful damage detection by means of electromechanical impedance spectroscopy in thick carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic rudder stock samples exploiting strain data.