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New method for determining the degree of cellulose I crystallinity by means of FT Raman spectroscopy

: Schenzel, K.; Fischer, S.; Brendler, E.


Cellulose 12 (2005), Nr.3, S.223-231
ISSN: 0969-0239
ISSN: 1572-882X
Fraunhofer IAP ()

A Raman crystallinity index - Xc(Raman) - characterizing the degree of crystallinity of partially crystalline cellulose I samples was created, utilizing the crystallinity dependence of CH2 bending modes. For calibration, physical mixtures containing different mass fractions of crystalline cellulose I and its amorphous form were prepared. Crystallinities from 0 to 60% were generated. Relative intensity ratios of the Raman lines I-1481 (cm-1) and I-1462 (cm-1) characterizing crystalline and amorphous parts of cellulose I correlated linearly with the mass fraction of crystalline cellulose I of the mixtures. Xc(Raman) values of microcrystalline celluloses of different origins and varying degree of crystallinity correlated reasonably with results obtained from NMR spectroscopy (Xc(NMR) values).