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Slot-die processing and encapsulation of non-fullerene based ITO-free organic solar cells and modules

: Destouesse, E.; Top, Michiel; Lamminaho, J.; Rubahn, H.-G.; Fahlteich, John; Madsen, M.


Flexible and printed electronics 4 (2019), Nr.4, Art. 045004, 10 S.
ISSN: 2058-8585
Fraunhofer FEP ()
solar cells; encapsulation; photovoltaic; Rolle-zu-Rolle

Organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices have shown remarkable performance progress in recent years, reaching current record power conversion efficiency (PCE) values of 16.4% for single junction and 17.3% for multi junction devices, owing mostly to the impressive developments made within synthesis of new non-fullerene acceptors. This progress places organic solar cells at the forefront of thin-film photovoltaic technology. However, in order to meet industrial demands and reach high performance values in industrial settings, further research and development efforts within roll-to-roll (R2R) and sheet-to-sheet (S2S) processing of OPV devices under ambient conditions are required. Furthermore, OPV modules being manufactured through such up-scaled processing techniques should ideally be developed from low cost materials, and show good stability towards various different operational stress conditions. In this work, we demonstrate combined R2R and S2S development of ITO-free OPV devices, which are based on the non-fullerene material system PBDB-T:ITIC. The devices are processed from R2R vacuum sputtering and S2S slot-die coating at ambient conditions, and reach cell PCE values of 5.5%. In addition, we introduce a correlation between different barrier films, both commercial and sputtered inorganic coatings on ultra-clean PET, and the lifetime of the developed devices. The results therefore demonstrate an important step in the development of OPV devices from R2R and S2S processes in industrial settings.