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Motion Estimation for Fisheye Video With an Application to Temporal Resolution Enhancement

: Eichenseer, A.; Bätz, M.; Kaup, A.


IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology 29 (2019), Nr.8, S.2376-2390
ISSN: 1051-8215
ISSN: 1558-2205
Fraunhofer IIS ()

Surveying wide areas with only one camera is a typical scenario in surveillance and automotive applications. Ultra wide-angle fisheye cameras employed to that end produce video data with characteristics that differ significantly from conventional rectilinear imagery as obtained by perspective pinhole cameras. Those characteristics are not considered in typical image and video processing algorithms such as motion estimation, where translation is assumed to be the predominant kind of motion. This contribution introduces an adapted technique for use in block-based motion estimation that takes into the account the projection function of fisheye cameras and thus compensates for the non-perspective properties of fisheye videos. By including suitable projections, the translational motion model that would otherwise only hold for perspective material is exploited, leading to improved motion estimation results without altering the source material. In addition, we discuss extensions that allow for a better prediction of the peripheral image areas, where motion estimation falters due to spatial constraints, and further include calibration information to account for lens properties deviating from the theoretical function. Simulations and experiments are conducted on synthetic as well as real-world fisheye video sequences that are part of a data set created in the context of this paper. Average synthetic and real-world gains of 1.45 and 1.51 dB in luminance PSNR are achieved compared against conventional block matching. Furthermore, the proposed fisheye motion estimation method is successfully applied to motion compensated temporal resolution enhancement, where average gains amount to 0.79 and 0.76 dB.